Common name and scientific name: Buxus, Buxus sempervirens, Boxwood, Common Box
Origin and natural range: Native to Western and Southern Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. Buxus is a popular ornamental plant and is used extensively in topiary and hedging
Altitude range: Grows from between 0 – 2000m
Physical characteristics: Buxus is an evergreen shrub or small tree with small, glossy, dark green leaves. It produces small yellow-green flowers in spring.
Growth rate and lifespan: Slow growth rate
Growing conditions: Buxus can be grown in full sun or partial shade and thrives in well-drained soil. It is hardy in costal environments and can tolerate a wide range of soil pH. Growth rate will slow done in colder and higher altitudes.
Uses and benefits: Buxus is a popular choice for topiary, hedging, and bonsai due to its tolerance to a wide range of conditions, including drought, salt and pollution.
Flowering and fruiting: Flowers in spring, typically between March and April, and produces small yellow-green flowers.
Historical and cultural uses: It is known for its use in topiary art and gardening.
Planting instructions: Buxus should be planted in well-drained soil, in a location that receives full sun to partial shade. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Buxus is a slow-growing plant, it’s recommended to plant a tree that is at least 1-2 years old and at least 1 meter in height. This ensures that the tree has a strong root system and is better able to establish itself in its new location. Try mulch mats for soil quality while establishing.